Belief in climate misinformation 'more likely' by consuming Fox News and Daily Mail
Individuals who consume news five days or more per week from certain outlets are more likely to believe in climate misinformation than those who don’t consume news at all.
That is according to the latest poll of representative populations in Australia, Brazil, Germany, India, the US, and the UK, conducted through YouGov’s online panel and commissioned by the Conscious Advertising Network (CAN) and Climate Action Against Disinformation (CAAD).
In the US, belief in misinformation about climate change was consistently correlated with consumption of Fox News. Whereas about a third of Americans believe in key misinformation statements such as that a significant number of scientists disagree on the cause of climate change (36%), that renewable energy is more expensive than energy from fossil fuels (34%), and that solar and wind energy can only be generated when the sun is shining and the wind is blowing (32%), high frequency Fox News consumers were significantly more likely to believe each statement (59%, 56%, and 60%, respectively).
Similar figures apply to regular consumers of the Daily Mail in the UK. Whereas between 24-30% of Britons believe in the top misinformation narratives about climate change, 41%-53% of regular Daily Mail readers believe in the same narratives.
In fact, the report notes that individuals who consumed news five days or more per week were more likely to believe in 41% or more of the climate misinformation statements included in the poll than those who do not consume news at all. This was particularly true in the UK of Daily Mail, Telegraph, and Times readers.
In the US and UK, however, television news—not social media or online news—was found to be the most common platform used by individuals who most believed climate disinformation in the UK and US.
Fox and the Mail were unable to immediately respond to request for comment by the time of publication.
Jake Dubbins, co-founder and co-chair of CAN, admitted that though the survey data doesn’t draw “direct links between individual statements and individual media titles”, it was nevertheless the case that “consumers of the Mail and Fox do over-index in believing these statements”.
He added: “There is clearly a huge perception gap between the science and beliefs of many people across the six countries polled. If action is to be taken on climate to secure [a] ‘liveable future’ then the media have to play a much bigger role in reporting the truth and giving climate science and actions a much higher profile.
“We have said for a long time that media investment is not just an exercise in delivering eyeballs but part of a supply chain that should match a brand’s values. If [a] brand purports to care about sustainability then it should consider its investments in media accordingly.”
General climate change misinformation was found to be more common in some countries than others. For instance, large numbers of respondents believe that fossil gas is a climate-friendly source of energy in India (57%), Brazil (40%), US (39%), and Australia (34%). In comparison just 25% of Germans and 14% of Britons agreed.
In an open letter written by CAN and CAAD, the organizations pleaded: “We cannot beat climate change without tackling climate misinformation and disinformation.”
Citing a report by news trustworthiness ratings company NewsGuard, CAN and CAAD noted that misinformation publishing is currently a $2.6bn/year industry and that it undermines decarbonization efforts.
The letter demands “swift and robust global action from COP decision-makers and tech platforms to mitigate these threats”.
Though some efforts have been made in the past year to identify and tackle the spread of climate mis- and disinformation, including by major tech platforms Google, Pinterest, and Twitter, the letter argues that a clear universal definition is needed to better direct efforts.
As such, CAN and CAAD propose defining climate disinformation and misinformation as deceptive or misleading content that:
- Undermines the existence or impacts of climate change, the unequivocal human influence on climate change, and the need for corresponding urgent action according to the IPCC scientific consensus and in line with the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement;
- Misrepresents scientific data, including by omission or cherry-picking, in order to erode trust in climate science, climate-focused institutions, experts, and solutions; or
- Falsely publicises efforts as supportive of climate goals that in fact contribute to climate warming or contravene the scientific consensus on mitigation or adaptation.
The organizations also call on the COP27 Presidency, country delegations, and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to formally “acknowledge the extent of climate mis- and disinformation in the global information ecosystem and formally recognise the universal definition of climate mis- and disinformation”, and “undertake activities to prevent climate mis- and disinformation being targeted at actors within the UNFCCC and beyond”.
They also appeal directly to the CEOs of major digital platforms Meta, Google, Twitter, TikTok, and Reddit to accept the aforementioned definition, produce and publicize transparent company plans to eliminate the spread of climate mis- and disinformation, and refuse to publish advertisements if they contain climate misinformation or disinformation based on the above definition.
As of the publication of this article, the letter has been signed by dozens of organizations including WWF International, Sky, Virgin Media O2, Patagonia, Havas Media, Dentsu, Omnicom Media Group UK, Ebiquity, Brand Advance, Good-Loop, Mobsta, IPG Mediabrands, Sixteenbynine, Accenturesong, and British Gas.